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US Airlines have enough passengers, but not enough crew

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US airlines - Departure Board

There are a whole lot of people travelling these days in the U.S. Airports are packed, flights are packed. And the speedy return of domestic travel has many airlines scrambling to bring back — and hire — enough staff. 

American Airlines said this week that it is calling back all 3,300 flight attendants who’ve been on voluntary leave, in addition to hiring 800 more. Airlines are also bringing back pilots who have been on leave, and they are looking for new ones.

But getting them flying again could take a while.

It was not that many months ago that American Airlines Capt. Dennis Tajer was flying 737s with just four or five people on board.

“Now today I’m flying with every seat filled,” Tajer said. “Just flew yesterday. Full aeroplanes everywhere, airports packed. That’s the great news.”

The not-so-great news, he said, is that there are not nearly enough pilots or crew to fly those planes.

“It went from a lack of demand from passengers to a lack of supply for pilots overnight, like a light switch,” Tajer said.

And there is no similar switch that airlines can flip to replenish that supply of pilots.

“The challenge is that you know, creating a pilot and bringing a pilot back isn’t something that’s instantaneous, right?” said Simon Azar of CAE, a company that makes flight simulators and trains pilots. “If you want to create a pilot from scratch, it takes two to three years to be able to get them into an airline seat.”

Getting pilots who have only been off the job a few months, or a year qualified to fly again takes time too, said Richard Aboulafia, an aviation analyst at Teal Group.

“The aviation industry, of course, has a fairly high level of credentialing, of training that’s required,” he said. “Really at all levels, you need to reach a certain level of proficiency that is monitored by the government.”

And right now, a lot more people than usual need to be retrained — or trained for the first time.

That is creating a logjam, according to Tajer, who’s a spokesperson for the Allied Pilots Association, the pilot’s union at American Airlines. There are only so many flight simulators and instructors.

“We have eight or nine Airbus simulators and a handful of 737 simulators. We call it the box. And you cannot get time in a box if you do not have the box,” he said.

Because of all this, Tajer said, that pilots and crews who are trained are working more than ever.

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